### Bernoulli's Equation states that -

For an incompressible liquid (density constant) which is flowing in a continuous stream; the total energy remains the same for all the particles, when the particle is moving from one point to another point.

Mathematical expression of Bernoulli's equation:

P1/w + (v2 )1/2g + z1 = P2/w +( v2)2 /2g + z1 = constant

Here
P1 , P2 = Pressure at points 1 and 2
V1,V1 = velocity at points 1 and 2
Z1 , Z2  = datum head at points 1 and 2
w= weight density of the liquid (also denoted by Greek letter gamma)

#### Different types of energies or head in Bernoulli's equation

1. Potential energy or potential head:

Potential energy is the energy stored in a body because of changing its position above the fixed datum head. It's denoted by Z.

It is due to the velocity of the fluid. It is denoted by v2 /2g.  Here, v is the velocity and g is the gravitational acceleration.

3. Pressure energy or pressure head:

This energy is due to the pressure of the liquid. It is denoted by P/w .

P has the unit Newton/square meter ,N/m
W has the unit Newton / cubmic meter , N/m3

So,
Total Energy = Pressure energy + Kinetic energy + Potential energy

#### Applications of Bernoulli's Equation:

1. A modified equation for the measurement of velocity in a pitot tube and pitot static can be got from Bernoulli's equation.
2. The flow through venturi meter and orifice meter can be measured by this equation.
3. Flow over notches and weirs can be calculated.

## Euler Equation or Bernoulli Differential Equation

Euler's equation is expressed as

dp/ρ + g.dx + v.dv = 0

Euler's Equation is based on some assumptions:

1. Non-viscous flow.
2. Incompressible  and homogeneous flow.